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Hydrostatic Strength of NEXOR HDPE Pipes Test Procedure

NEXOR Pipes

June 6, 2006

ABSTRACT

The procedural standard of hydrostatic HDPE pipe test performed at NEXOR PIPES is detailed below.

Introduction

Hydrostatic pipe test measures the resistance of pipes to internal pressure. It is one of the easiest ways to assess long term performance if piping materials. The methodology performed at NEXOR PIPES, which closely follows ISO 1167, is detailed below.   

Procedure

Preparation of Test Pieces

Three test pieces are required. The length of the pipe between the end caps must be at least the length listed on table 1.

Table 1 Length of Test Pipe

PIPE OD (mm)

Length of Test Piece from end cap to end cap(mm)

20

250

25

250

32

250

40

250

50

250

63

250

75

250

90

270

110

330

125

375

140

420

160

480

180

540

200

600

225

675

250

750

280

840

315

945

355

710

400

800

450

900

500

1000

560

1120

630

1260

710

1420

800

1600

900

1800

1000

2000

Conditioning

A pipe after being extruded must be allowed to sit for a minimum period of 24 hours before performing a hydrostatic test. A conditioning period must also be followed to ensure that the pipe walls achieve thermal equilibrium. Conditioning is done by placing the pipe inside the test bath at the specified test temperature for a period indicated on table 2.

Table 2 Conditioning Period

Thickness (mm)

Conditioning Period (h)

<3

1

>3 and <8

3

>8 and <16

6

>16 and <32

10

>32

16

Calculation of Test Pressure

The test pressure is calculated based on the design stress of the pipe material and using the following formula.

P = 10σ(2)/(SDR-1)..1

P = test pressure in bar

σ = is the stress to be induced by the applied pressure, in MPa.

SDR = standard dimension ratio of the pipe

The design stress is based on the Minimum Required Strength (MRS) at 50 years and 20 0C and the design coefficient.

PE 80 has an MRS of 8 MPa and the minimum design coefficient is 1.25; both of these lead to a maximum design stress of 6.3 MPa.

Using a design stress of 6.3 MPa and formula 1, table 3 lists some of the test pressures at various SDRs.

Table 3 Sample test pressures for PE 80 with a Design Stress of 6.3 MPa

SDR

Test Pressure (psi)

9

228 +/- 1

11

183 +/- 1

13.6

145 +/- 1

17

114 +/- 1

Application of Test Pressure

Pressure is applied in a steady incremental manner at the rate of 30 psi per minute.

Measuring Hydrostatic Strength according to ISO

Following ISO 4427 and ISO 1167, the three test pieces are to be subjected to different test conditions. Each are listed on table 4 for PE100 and PE 80.

Table 4 Three different Test Conditions - Test Stress, Temperature, and Time

Pipe Material

Test Stress (MPa) of Condition 1 (100 h, 200C)

Test Stress (MPa) of Condition 2 (165 h, 800C)

Test Stress (MPa) of Condition 3 (1000 h, 800C)

PE 100

12.4

5.5

5.0

PE 80

9.0

4.6

4.0

Based on the test stresses, the following test pressures are to be applied for a given SDR. The values given in tables 5 to 8 have a tolerance of +/- 1 psi.

Table 5 Test Pressures for SDR 9

Pipe Material

Test Pressure (psi) of Condition 1 (100 h, 200C)

Test Pressure (psi) of Condition 2 (165 h, 800C)

Test Stress (psi) of Condition 3 (1000 h, 800C)

PE 100

450

199

181

PE 80

326

167

145

Table 6 Test Pressures for SDR 11

Pipe Material

Test Pressure (psi) of Condition 1 (100 h, 200C)

Test Pressure (psi) of Condition 2 (165 h, 800C)

Test Stress (psi) of Condition 3 (1000 h, 800C)

PE 100

360

159

145

PE 80

261

133

116

Table 7 Test Pressures for SDR 13.6

Pipe Material

Test Pressure (psi) of Condition 1 (100 h, 200C)

Test Pressure (psi) of Condition 2 (165 h, 800C)

Test Stress (psi) of Condition 3 (1000 h, 800C)

PE 100

285

126

115

PE 80

207

105

92

Table 8 Test Pressures for SDR 17

Pipe Material

Test Pressure (psi) of Condition 1 (100 h, 200C)

Test Pressure (psi) of Condition 2 (165 h, 800C)

Test Stress (psi) of Condition 3 (1000 h, 800C)

PE 100

225

99

90

PE 80

163

83

72

Pipe Failure

In case of pipe failure, the mode of failure is recorded and a picture of the pipe is taken.

A failure is brittle if there is no visible yield deformation.

If a break occurs ain the test piece at a distance of less than 10 % of the length of the test piece from the end cap, the results must be disregarded.

Test Reporting

Please see attached sample report.

References

ISO 1167 -1 Thermoplastics pipes, fittings, and assemblies for the conveyance of fluids Determination of the resistance to internal pressure. Part 1 : General Method.

ISO 1167 -2 Thermoplastics pipes, fittings, and assemblies for the conveyance of fluids Determination of the resistance to internal pressure. Part 2 : Preparation of Pipe Test Pieces.

ISO 4427 Polyethylene Pipes for water supply - Specifications

Chasis, David. Plastic Piping Systems. 2nd Ed. Industrial Press Inc. USA. 1988

Willoughby, David et al. Plastic Piping Handbook. Mcgraw-Hill Handbooks. USA. 2002